Assessments are an important tool that can inform the coach on a deeper psychological level. However, some of the better assessments can only be used by those with training in psychology and psychometrics. I co-founded an assessment called PAIRIN that is based on a “psychologist only” platform but produces information that can be utilized with minimal training. Another assessment that I find valuable is the Birkman. It has good psychometrics and is useful in understanding clients’ usual behavior, their needs relative to that behavior and their stress behavior when those needs are not met. I frequently use both the PAIRIN and the Birkman models with my coaching clients.